Illustration Signatories

The fight against climate change will be won or lost in urban areas. A vast majority of the European population lives and works in cities, consuming an estimated 80% of the energy used in the EU. Local administrations, as the closest government level to citizens are ideally placed to address climate issues in a comprehensive manner. More and more cities are thus deciding to take up the challenge, as shown by the growing number of Covenant of Mayors signatories.

Signatory cities vary in size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris.

The commitments for Covenant Signatories are linked to the European Union’s Climate and energy policy framework. These include the European Union’s climate and energy package for 2020 for signatories who have joined between 2008 and 2015 and the European Union’s 2030 climate and energy framework as well as the EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change for signatories joining after 2015.

As of October 2015, Covenant signatories commit to adopting an integrated approach to climate change mitigation and adaptation. They are required to develop Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans with the aims of cutting CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030 and increasing resilience to climate change within the first two years of adhesion.

The list of cities that have signed up to the Covenant of Mayors can be found below.


Mitigation (2020 target)


Mayor (or equivalent): Bengt Gustafson
Population: 78,000 inhabitants

Covenant status

Date of adhesion: 2 September 2009
Status 3


Main contact: Lennart Erfors
Position: Climate Strategist
Phone: +46 44 13 61 60

Covenant Supporters

Covenant Supporters Countries Signatories
The Climate Municipalities (Sweden - Klimatkommunerna)Sweden21


Renewable electricity
Sector: Local electricity production
Implementation timeframe: 2009 - 2020
Area of intervention: Wind power
Policy instrument: Grants and subsidies
Responsible body: Private investors
CO2 reduction :
3450 t CO2 eq./a
Renewable energy produced (MWh):
150000 MWh/a
Implementation cost (€):
74.5 Million €

Description: Kristianstad aims to increase the production of wind power within its geographic area into equalling half of the local electricity consumption. In the year of 2014, there are 40 privately owned wind turbines operating within the area, together producing about 145 GWh of electricity per year, and the number of turbines is steadily increasing. The electricity is sold on the market and sent into the grid. 2016 another 18 wind turbines will be operating producing another 107 GWh renewable electricity.

Rate this benchmark: BadPoorFairGoodExcellent (1 vote)

Benchmarks Date Language
Renewable electricity21 Feb 2017 en
Fossil fuel free district heating21 Feb 2017 en
Biogas gives energy in Kristianstad21 Feb 2017 en
Last updated at: 18 May 2011
The sole responsibility for the content of this website lies with the authors. It does not reflect the opinion of the European Union. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.
To exchange
via your mobile
To become fan
of the Covenant page
To subscribe to the
Rss feeds
To receive news
in real-time
with the polical support of the ec with the polical support of the ec. website coordinated by the covenant office.
News | Agenda | Site map | RSS help | Credits | Legal